Diabetes Diagnosis with MD24 House Call
Posted on August 24, 2015
The best way to begin the process is to talk with your doctor about the way you’re feeling. It’s also important to begin preparing yourself for a change in lifestyle while keeping a positive outlook on your life moving forward. Diagnosis should be carried out in a healthcare setting such as your doctor’s office or a lab. If your blood glucose level is very high, or if you have classic symptoms of high blood glucose in addition to one positive test, our doctor may not require a second test to diagnose diabetes.
Who’s Susceptible to a Positive Diabetes Diagnosis?
- Overweight and over age 45
- Overweight, under age 45 and have one of additional risk factors such as:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- A family history of diabetes
- African-American, Asian-American, Latino/Hispanic-American, Native American or Pacific Islander descent
- A history of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) or delivering a baby over 9 lbs.
If your blood glucose levels are in normal range, testing should be done every three years. If you have pre-diabetes, you should be checked for diabetes every one to two years after diagnosis. In order to maintain a healthy lifestyle, it’s important to manage a healthy diet alongside exercise and routine visits with your clinician. Prevention is key, but the sooner you diagnose a disease, the better.
How to Diagnose Diabetes:
Every diabetic diagnosis begins with blood tests taken at a health care provider’s office or commercial facility. These tests are then sent to a clinical lab for analysis and returned. Blood tests are required because early stages of type 2 diabetes don’t typically showcase visible symptoms. A simple prick in the finger (as shown below) isn’t enough to solidify a positive diabetic diagnosis.
At MD24, our clinicians may test a patient for diabetes if they suspect they’re at a high health risk. At the end of the day, patient care is always at the forefront. Most patients with common symptoms wonder how to check for diabetes, and rightfully so. It’s the same process when determining how to diagnose diabetes, as a series of tests are completed for clarification:
- The Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPGT) is used to detect diabetes and prediabetes. The FPG test has been the most common test used for diagnosing diabetes. It tends to be more convenient than the OGTT test and less expensive. This test is usually done in the mornings, as an 8-hour fast provides more accurate results. A fast allows a clinician or nurse to precisely measure the amount of glucose in one’s blood.
- The Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is not only used to diagnose diabetes – but prediabetes and gestational diabetes as well. This test can tend to be more sensitive than the FPG test – but less convenient to complete. You’re required to immerse yourself in over two hours after testing before a clinician or nurse can even begin to measure your blood-sugar level. The satisfaction of knowing you’re disease-free can be worth going through the entire diabetes diagnosis process.
- Random blood sugar tests measure the level of glucose in your blood at any time of day, regardless of when you last ate. These are more common for those already diagnosed but can give one an idea of low glucose count for concern.
How to Check For Diabetes:
Once you’ve received a diabetic diagnosis, it’s important to create a schedule that allows you to manage the disease. Although diabetes isn’t known as a “killer”, it can lead to devastating consequences if not taken seriously. Upon being diagnosed with diabetes, there are a couple of ways that patients can monitor their blood sugar level to see how well their treatment plan is working.
- Type 2 diabetic’s providers routinely run a test called HbA1c. (A1C or glycosylated hemoglobin test) This type of test provides a picture of your average blood sugar control for the past two to three months. Blood sugar is measured by the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) in your blood and this is a good way of viewing the in-balance throughout an extended period of time.
- Home monitoring is a convenient way to manage your disease. There is a variety of easy-to-use home monitors on the market with which patients can test their blood sugar. Our providers utilize iHealth technology to monitor diabetic patients. If you are managing diabetes with the help of a home monitor, be sure to learn what results are too high and too low for you. Consult with your healthcare provider to learn what to do when your results are outside that target range.