What Causes Diabetes & Why Should You Know?

Posted on August 10, 2015

Insulin-action-and-diabetes-type-1-and-2As we continue to trek into the technological era of smartphones, tablets, and computers, some Americans are concerned with our future’s health – and rightfully so. In some cases, technology may have made us lazier. Dominique Jackson wrote an interesting article highlighting our ability to do most everything from the couch, eliminating errands and welcoming home entertainment. The first blog of our Diabetes series discussed the definition. Here, we discuss what causes diabetes, as lack of exercise and interactivity is becoming a health concern in our country.

Diabetes can have a variety of causes as it’s a combination of diseases and metabolism disorders. When your digestive tract isn’t breaking down and digesting food properly, your body is unable to generate adequate amounts of fuel. Furthermore, your pancreas inability to produce insulin leaves glucose stranded and it begins to build up in your blood. So how does this happen? How did you get to this point? The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases discusses a few clinical factors that play into the development of Diabetic symptoms and inevitably the disease itself.  Let’s begin by looking at what causes diabetes Type 1.

What Causes Diabetes

islets-of-Langerhans-and-diabetes-mellitus-type-1Type 1 diabetes causes

  • Heredity or Genetic Susceptibility
  • Destruction of Beta Cells
  • Environmental Factors

Unfortunately, heredity can play an instrumental part in the development of Diabetes. Although there are different causes of Diabetes, this is one of the clearest contributors. Those with a family history of Diabetics should take extra steps to ensure they’re exercising and maintaining a healthy diet. It’s also been said that routine detoxing and pancreatic cleansing can make a huge difference when attempting to avoid Type 1 Diabetes. Gene variants play into the development of Diabetes and HLA Genes possess major risk factors that surround causes of this disease.

Type 1 Diabetes can be very frustrating as most of your Beta Cells are already destroyed once you receive your diagnosis. Symptoms aren’t prevalent right away and there’s not much you can do. The cause behind this auto-immunization process is still a mystery but focal point of current scientific research. This is why genetics plays a big role in the development of Type 1 Diabetes. It’s hard to pinpoint why one’s body would view insulin as a foreign substance that needs to be destroyed. Our inability to stop this process can be considered a cause of the disease itself.

Do environmental factors play a role in the destruction of Beta Cells? Some think the natural environment has a lot to do with symptoms and the body’s reaction to insulin, but that has yet to be proven.  Viruses and infections may also create a cause for Type 1 Diabetes – triggering beta cell destruction or some sort of autoimmune response. Certain oral intake methods for infants have also been said to play a part in the development of the disease. At this point, there isn’t much concrete evidence surrounding the causes of Type 1 Diabetes, so take care of your pancreas and internal organs!

Type 2 diabetes causes

  • Heredity or Genetic Susceptibility
  • Lack of Exercise & Obesity
  • Metabolic Syndrome & the Resistance of Insulin
  • Inadequate Glucose Production
  • Abnormal Blood-Glucose Levels
  • Cell Signaling & Beta Cell Destruction

Similar to Type 1, the causes of Type 2 Diabetes also includes the destruction of Beta Cells, insufficient levels of glucose and insulin, and genetics (TCF7L2 gene). An imbalance between caloric intake and physical activity is directly correlated with insulin resistance – which causes glucose overflow in the blood. This is the first legitimate reference to exercise and how it can impact one’s susceptibility to Diabetes.

Excessive “belly fat” or central obesity generates hormones and harmful substances with chronic effects that can damage one’s blood vessels. Many studies highlight patent’s ability to decrease their Diabetic risk by welcoming a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and routine physical activity.

A healthy person’s organs keep their blood glucose levels in normal range through several complex mechanisms that begin in the pancreas. Their inability to manage low and high levels may be due to poor signaling that disallows dispersing proper levels of Glucose to the body’s cells. Problems in cell signaling systems can set off a chain reaction that can lead to Type 2 Diabetes. Insulin pilots and communicates to Glucose through specific pathways based on specific needs and once the communication is jammed, the message isn’t received – and neither is the Glucose. Fat cells can play a part in poor signaling due to inflammation, causing insulin resistance.

Beta-cell dysfunction is another possible cause of Type 2 Diabetes.  This type of impairment can create insufficient patterns of insulin release. These cells can then become damaged by Glucose Toxicity. (High blood-Glucose levels) Long story short, try your best to maintain low blood-sugar levels.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

Obese-guy-prefer-to-eat-big-chocolate-cake-than-fresh-fruit-in-fridgeHere are some risk factors that can play into some other causes of diabetes Type 2:

  • Physically inactive, overweight, or obese.
  • Damage or removal of the pancreas.
  • Over the age of 45 and your parent has Diabetes – or experienced Gestational Diabetes.
  • African American, Alaska Native, Asian, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, or American Indian.
  • Give birth to a child weighing more than 9lb or polycystic ovary syndrome. (PCOS)
  • A history of CardioVascular Disease or Predieteacosis Nigricans.
  • High-density Lipoprotein (HDL), cholesterol below 35mg/dL, or 250 mg/dL triglyceride level.

Although Diabetes can be somewhat unpredictable, research shows that malfunctioning organs can be a primary cause of the disease.

What is the best way to maintain functioning organs? A good start would be getting off the couch, putting down the piece of pizza and talking with a friend during a walk in the park – instead of texting them from the couch. Immerse yourself in an improved lifestyle that not only gives you more energy but improves your body’s ability to create it!

Here at MD24 House Call, we take pride in placing patient values first. Our patients visit our specialized providers to improve their quality of life and overall health. It’s our job to ensure they receive the proper care as we aim to improve hospital stay, re-admittance rates, and healthy living. Join us on our return to traditional medicine.

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