Signs and Symptoms Of Diabetes

Posted on August 18, 2015

What is diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus is a bunch of conditions that happens when the blood’s level of glucose becomes higher than normal. Glucose is the main sugar type in blood and provides energy for your bodies. Your pancreas, an organ located between your stomach and spine releases a hormone called insulin into your blood.  Insulin helps move glucose from your bloodstream to all your body’s cells. When there is not enough insulin made or the insulin made does not work properly, blood glucose levels become high and cause diabetes or prediabetes.

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes happens when the amount of glucose in your blood is higher than normal but isn’t high enough to be called diabetes. The chances of getting type 2 diabetes or heart disease are higher when in prediabetes.  By losing some weight doing physical activities, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes. You glucose levels can possibly even return to normal without taking any medications.

What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes?

Diabetes-Mellitus-Diabetic-High-Blood-Sugar-Signs-and-Symptoms-Stick-Figure-Pictogram-IconsThe signs and symptoms of diabetes are

  • Feeling much more thirsty than usual
  • urinating often
  • feeling very hungry
  • feeling very tired
  • dry, itchy skin
  • losing feeling in your feet
  • blurry eyesight
  • slow-healing wounds
  • nausea and vomiting
  • weight loss
  • mood swings.

Everyone has different symptoms, sometimes there may be no signs at all. So in order to know for sure whether you have diabetes or not is to have your clinician do a blood test.

What kind of diabetes do you have?

Type 1 Diabetes

Patients-talk-to-a-doctor-about-diabetes infographics-vector-illustrationType 1 diabetes, or juvenile diabetes, can happen at any time in life. But it is mostly diagnosed before the age of 19. However, type 1 diabetes can also be found in adults. In type 1 diabetes, your body no longer makes insulin or enough insulin because your immune system, which protects you normally from infection caused by bacteria, viruses, and other harmful substances, has destroyed cells in your pancreas that make insulin.

Despite the effort in researching, there is no cure for diabetes type 1 though it can be managed.  With present proper treatment, the infected can live longer, healthier lives than those of the past.

Type 1 diabetes can make you more likely to have:

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Blindness or other vision problems
  • Gum disease and tooth loss
  • Nerve damage in the hands, feet, and organs
  • Kidney failure

Type 2 Diabetes

Chat-with-Doctor-Diabetic-two-infographics-vector-illustrationType 2 diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes, happens with people at any age, even children. However, usually middle-aged and older people experience type 2 diabetes more than other ages. Overweight and inactive people are more likely to experience type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes happens when your body either resists the insulin’s effects or there is not enough insulin made to maintain normal glucose level, specifically when insulin is not used to carry glucose into the body’s cells to use for energy by fat, muscle, and liver cells. Therefore, the body needs more insulin. At first, the pancreas can make more insulin to meet the added demand. Over time, the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin, such as after meals. If your pancreas cannot make enough insulin the body needs, you will need to treat your type 2 diabetes.

There is no cure for diabetes type 2 too, but you can control the condition with a healthy lifestyle by eating well, exercising and maintaining a reasonable weight. If diet and exercise cannot control your blood sugar well, it is necessary to resort to diabetic medications or insulin therapy.

Gestational Diabetes

Test-For-Diabetes-Pregnant-WomanGestational diabetes develops when a woman is expecting a baby. The pregnancy makes hormones that can cause the resistance of insulin. All women experience insulin resistance late in their pregnancy. So a woman experiences gestational diabetes if insulin is not made enough during pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes often vanish after the baby is born. However, a woman having experienced gestational diabetes before is more likely to experience type 2 diabetes later. Babies whose mothers have experienced gestational diabetes are also more likely to experience type 2 diabetes.

Women can experience the symptoms of diabetes such as:

  • Female sexual dysfunction
  • Thrush and yeast infections
  • Itchiness around the vagina

Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, or vaginal thrush, is one of the symptoms of diabetes as high blood sugar levels can make glucose excrete through urine. Glucose in urine can create yeast infections.

Oral yeast infections can also occur as a symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar can also cause natural vaginal lubrication shortage which makes sex difficult or painful.

Diabetes is a complex condition, which can affect the entire body. Understanding diabetes and symptoms of diabetes are truly important even if you don’t have it. In your lifetime, you’ll most likely know a diabetic.

MD24 House Call is one of the leading institutions for Arizona diabetes care. MD24‘s specialists work closely with diabetic educators, dietitians, and podiatrists to help patients to develop insight into their condition, manage symptoms, and relate more positively to others. The first step in seeking help is to visit MD24 House Call and arrange a health assessment. Call (888) 632-4758 – FREE for registration inquiries or visit our website and “Request a Visit.”

MD24 House Call is proud to be able to assist the patients we already serve and look forward to serving the healthcare needs of new residents who register with us.

social social social