Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder, as it is a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. These mental illnesses alter a person's ability to think clearly, make good judgments, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, understand reality, and behave appropriately. When symptoms are severe, people with psychotic disorders have difficulty staying in touch with reality and often are unable to meet the ordinary demands of daily life. However, even severe psychotic disorders usually are treatable.
Symptoms of a psychotic disorder vary from person to person and may change over time. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations and delusions:
- Hallucinations are unusual sensory experiences or perceptions of things that are not actually present, such as seeing things that are not there, hearing voices, smelling odors, having a strange taste in your mouth, and feeling sensations on your skin even though nothing is touching your body.
- Delusions are false beliefs that are persistent and organized, and that do not go away after receiving logical or accurate information. For example, a person who is certain his or her food is poisoned, even if it has been proven that the food is fine, is suffering from a delusion.
- Disorganized or incoherent speech
- Confused thinking
- Strange, possibly dangerous behavior
- Slowed or unusual movements
- Loss of interest in personal hygiene
- Loss of interest in activities
- Problems at school or work and with relationships
- Cold, detached manner with the inability to express emotion
- Mood swings or other mood symptoms, such as depression or mania
Most psychotic disorders are treated with a combination of medications and psychotherapy:
- Medication: The main medications MD24 House Call used to treat psychotic disorders are called antipsychotics. These medicines do not cure the illnesses but are highly effective managing the most troubling symptoms of psychotic disorders, such as delusions, hallucinations, and thinking problems. Some of the medications are available by injection and only need to be taken once or twice a month, for patients this can be easier to keep up with compared to a daily pill.
- Psychotherapy: Various types of psychotherapy, including individual, group, family and MD24 House Call therapy, may be used to help support the person with a psychotic disorder.
In general, there is no known way to prevent most psychotic disorders, but many of the related symptoms can be prevented with early detection and treatment. Seeking help from MD24 House Call (888-632-4758) as soon as symptoms appear can help decrease the disruption to the person's life, family, and friendships.